Nurses’ Lived Experience of Green Human Resource Management: A Qualitative Study

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Master in Human Resource Development, Department of Economics and Management, Payam-Noor University, Kerman, Iran

2 PhD in Management, Assistant Professor and Head of Department of Economics and Management, Payam-Noor University, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Experts have considered environmental issues in health departments very important and essential. Understanding nurses’ experience of integrated human resource management and environmental management is an important aspect in this regard. Since nurses are a major source of organizational knowledge in hospitals, their point of views can be important and effective.
Methods: This study was a qualitative content analysis with 21 nursing staff in hospitals affiliated to Kerman University of Medical Sciences. The participants were selected via purposive sampling method and data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews. The data collection continued until data saturation point. The Graneheim and Lundman method was applied to analyze the data.
Results: In data analysis, six main and relevant themes were found, including "Green Culture Management", "Green Education", "Green Performance Management", "Green Empowerment", "Green Structure", and "Green Screening".
Conclusion: Green human resource management activities are a set of cultural, organizational and individual factors, which strengthen the environmental attitude and performance in hospitals.

Keywords


1. Heal GM, Barbier EB, Boyle KJ, Covich AP, Gloss SP, Hershner CH, et al. Valuing Ecosystem Services: Toward Better Environmental Decision-Making. USA: National Academies Press; 2005.
2. Iranian Society for Green Management. Green Management Certificate (Green Office). [cited 2019 Oct 11] Available from: http://www.iran-gma.com/awards-and certificates/greenoffice/ 1895/. [In Persian]
3. Iranian Green Management Association. Green Hospitals with Accreditation Approach. Tehran: Iranian Green Management Association; 2009. [In Persian]
4. Riahi M. Establishment of green management system in executive agencies as a tool for national and transnational environmental actions. The 5th National Conference of the Iranian Environmentalists Association; 2005 Mar 6-7; Tehran; CIVILICA; 2005. [In Persian]
5. Gowan Ch, Stefenson K, Shabman L. The role of ecosystem valuation in environmental decision making: Hydropower relicening and dam removal on the Elwha River. Ecological Economics 2006; 56(4):508-23.
6. Jabbour CJ, Jabbour AB, Teixeira AA, Freitas WR. Environmental development in Brazilian Companies: the role of human resource management. Environmental Development 2012; 3:137-47.
7. Sharma R, Gupta N. Green HRM: an innovative approach to environmental sustainability. [cited 2019 Jun 12] Available from: http://www.aims-international.org/aims12/12A-CD/PDF/K723-final.pdf.
8. Cherian JP, Jacob J. A study of Green HR practices and its effective implementation in the organization: a review. International Journal of Business and Management 2012; 7(21):25-33. doi:10.5539/ijbm.v7n21p25.
9. Sriram PV, Suba M. Impact of green human resource management (G-HRM) practices over organization effectiveness. Journal of Adv Research in Dynamical & Control Systems 2017; 7:386-94.
10. Sudin S, Saad ZM. Exploring the relationship of green HRM, EMS and corporate environmental citizenship behavior. 5th International Conference on Education and Social Science; 2018 Feb 5-7; Istanbul: Proceedings of INTCESS; 2018.
11. Graneheim UH, Lundman B. Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse Education Today 2004; 24(2):105-12. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2003.10.001.
12. Hsieh HF, Shannon SE. Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research 2005; 15(9):1277-88. doi: 10.1177/1049732305276687.
13. Creswell JW, Creswell JD. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. 5th ed. USA: SAGE Publications; 2018.
14. Harris LC, Crane A. The greening of the organizational culture, management views on the depth, degree and diffusion of change. Journal of Organizational Change Management 2016; 15(3):214-23. doi:10.1108/09534810210429273.
15. Mohammadnejad Shourkaei M, Seyed Javadein SR, Shahoseini MA, Haj Heidari A. Providing a framework for Green HRM. Journal of Public Administration 2016; 8(4):691-710. doi:10.22059/jipa.2017.62183. [In Persian]
16. Jabbour CJ, Jabbour1 AB. Green human resource management and green supply chain management: linking two emerging agendas. Journal of Cleaner Production 2016; 112(3):1824-33. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.01.052.
17. Seyedjavadein SR, Roshandel Arbatani T, Nobari A. Green human resource management: an approach to investing and sustainable development. Investment Knowledge Research Quarterly 2016; 5(20):297-327. [In Persian]
18. Paille P, Chen Y, Boiral O, Jin J. The impact of human resource management on environmental performance: an employee-level study. Journal of Business Ethics 2013; 121(3):451-66.
19. Haddock-Millar J, Sanyal C, Muler-Camen M. Green human resource management: a comparative qualitative case study of a United States multinational corporation. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 2015; 27(2):192-211. doi:10.1080/09585192.2015.1052087.
20. Masri HA, Jaaron AM. Assessing green human resource management practices in palestinian manufacturing context: an empirical study. Journal of Cleaner Production 2017; 143:474-89. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.087.
21. Abbasi T, Jamali G, Azari H. The role of governmental organizations in green productivity; green human resource management point of view. Third International Green Economy Conference; 2016 May 6; Babolsar: Civilica; 2016. [In Persian]
22. Farokhi M, Nasrisfahani A, Sfafri A. Proposing a green human resource management framework for steel industry. Journal of Human Resource Management Researches at Imam Hossein University 2018; 9(4):153-79. [In Persian]
23. Pazokian M, Rassouli M. Challenges of nursing clinical education in world. Journal of Medical Education Development 2012; 5(8):18-26. [In Persian]
24. Jabbour CJ. Environmental training in organizations: from a literature review to a framework for future research. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 2013; (74):144-55.
25. Ragas SF, Tantay FM, Chua LJ, Sunio CM. Green lifestyle moderates GHRMs impact to job performance. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management 2016; 66(7):857-72. doi:10.1108/IJPPM-04-2016-0076.
26. Subramanian N, Abdulrahman M, Wu L, Nath P. Green competence framework: evidence from China. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 2016; (27)2:151-72. doi:10.1080/09585192.2015.1047394.
27. Fayazi M. Green training of human resources in oil industry. Journal of Educational sciences in Law Enforcement 2015; 3(3):1-20. [In Persian]
28. Roy M, Khastagir D. Exploring role of green management in enhancing organizational efficiency in petro-chemical industry in India. Journal of Cleaner Production 2016; 121:109-15. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.02.039.
29. Kapil P. Green HRM- Engaging Human Resource in reducing carbon footprint and enhancing environment sustainability: a case study based approach. International Journal of Engineering Technology Science and Research 2015; 2(Special Issue):5-14.
30. Ahmad S. Green human resource management: policies and practices. [cited 2019 Feb 14] Available from: https://www.cogentoa.com/ article/10.1080/ 23311975.2015.1030817. doi: 10.1080/23311975.2015.1030817.
31. Renwick DW, Jabbour CJ, Muller-Camen M, Redman T, Wilkinson A. Contemporary developments in Green HRM scholarship. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 2015; 27(2):1-15. doi: 10.1080/09585192.2015.1105844.
32. Jabbour CJ, Santos FC. Relationships between human resource dimensions and environmental management in companies: proposal of a model. Journal of Cleaner Production 2008; 16(1):51-8. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2006.07.025.
33. Harvey G, Williams K, Probert J. Greening the airline pilot: HRM and the green performance of airlines in the UK. The International Journal of Human Resource Management 2013; 24(1):152-66. doi:10.1080/09585192.2012.669783.
34. Tavakoli A, Hashemi A, Sabet A, Razeghi S. Provide a Green Human Resource Management Model based on human resources management systems. Journal of Human Resource Management Researches at Imam Hossein University 2018; 10(1):77-103. [In Persian]