Document Type : Original Article
Ph.D. in Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
M.Sc. in Sports Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Management, Boroujerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boroujerd, Iran
Expert and Vice-Principal of Shahid Seidmirzaei Elementary School in Abdanan, Ilam, Iran
M.A. in Educational Sciences and Counselor of Shahid Motahari High School in Darreh Shahr, Ilam, Iran
Introduction:Mental health is the prevention of minor behavioral disorders and problems and health promotion is the best form of mental health. The present study aimed to explore the mental health and mental well-being of high school teachers and its effectiveness in emotional and disciplinary relationships of high school students in Ilam, as these relationships are of great importance.
Methods: This qualitative and phenomenological study was conducted on all male and female high school teachers in Ilam in the academic year 2018-2019. The participants in the research sample were 24 teachers from different high schools in the city who were selected using purposive sampling. The data were collected through observation, semi-structured interviews, and open-ended written questions, and were analyzed through a coding procedure to extract main themes and subthemes related to the phenomenon under study based on previous studies in the literature.
Results:The analysis of the data revealed 5 main themes and 10 subthemes. The results showed that the most important characteristics of teachers’ mental health are optimism, good social relations, discipline, classroom management skills, guidance and counseling skills, effective encouragement and punishment of students, and having peace of mind in the classroom and outside the classroom to meet students’ expectations.
Conclusion: Given the effect of teachers’ mental health on improving the quality of students' behaviors, psychologists and counselors can use sound mental health and educational models to improve learners' interaction and teach them how to relate to the family, thereby increasing student satisfaction and family cohesion.