Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences

Document Type : Original Article


1 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

3 School of Nursing, Midwifery, and Healthcare, Federation University Australia, Australia.



Background: Understanding the experiences of a patient's family members witnessing resuscitation is helpful in developing care plans. This study aimed to explore the lived experience of family members witnessing resuscitation of their relative.
Methods: Over a period of four months (Apr to Jul 2019) 15 family members who were directly related to the patient and had witnessed a resuscitation event, were recruited through purposeful sampling. They were recruited from three tertiary hospitals in Tabriz, Iran. Participants were interviewed using an in-depth interview process applying Smith's Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis for data collection and analysis. The MAXQDA12 software was used to manage data analysis.
Results: There were four main themes that emerged from the data analysis, including: “Insist on being present”, “Acquisition of calmness”, “Partnership and collaboration” and “Hindrance”. A further nine sub themes emerged under the main themes.
Conclusion: Although family members reported feelings of agitation towards the health professionals, there was also strong evidence of the benefits for family such as open communication, psychological support and facilitating acceptance of the patient’s prognosis. This study highlights the importance of developing formal policy based on a family-centered care approach to observing family presence during resuscitation while maintaining the patient's and family's rights.


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