Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences

Document Type : Original Article


1 MSc. in Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology and Education, Faculty of Humanities, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran

3 Full Professor, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran



Background: Many studies have also shown that psychological distress such as worries and anxiety are one of the causes of the development, recurrence, or exacerbation of multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aimed to explore MS patients’ lived experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using an interpretive phenomenological approach. The participants were selected from MS patients in Tehran [Iran] who were members of the Iranian MS Society in 2021. The research sample included 19 MS patients who were selected using purposive sampling. The data were collected using semi-structured interviews until the topic was saturated. The collected data were analyzed using van Manen's phenomenological approach, and the validity and truthfulness of the data were confirmed using the four criteria proposed by Lincoln and Guba.
Results: Explication of the data revealed 22 subthemes and 5 main themes. The main themes identified were: “Feeling of helplessness and fear of inadequacy in self-care”, “Economic concerns and financial problems”, “Ineffective interaction with family members”, “preoccupations and obsessions with the pandemic”, and “ambivalent and conflicting beliefs about others”.
The experiences of those affected by the pandemic were linked to personal and familial concerns, health issues, feelings of inadequacy in self-care, and economic difficulties. Additionally, participants were preoccupied with the pandemic and the social problems they faced. Gaining an understanding of these experiences can offer valuable insights to medical professionals, families of patients, and relevant organizations regarding the lived experiences of individuals with MS.