Journal of Qualitative Research in Health Sciences

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Nursing, Zeynab[P.B.U.H) School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Nursing, Zeynab (P.B.U.H) School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran



Background and Aim: Aging is a special time that people experience many losses. Facing the elderly with difficult situations such as loss of loved can be very stressful. Identifying the resilience factors of the elderly in this area provides a clear path to achieve the growing concept of "successful elderly". Accordingly, the present study aimed to explain the experiences of the elderly who have lost their spouse.
Materials and Methods: This research was conducted qualitatively with a content analysis approach. In order to collect data, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 elderly people who were selected through purposive sampling. Data analysis were performed according to the steps of Graneheim and Lundman. The accuracy and robustness of the research were assessed based on Lincoln and Gubaa criteria.
Results: Three main categories including "in the purgatory of separation", "manifestation of interests" and "On the way to resilience " were extracted from the findings that can experience the experience of the elderly who lost their spouse in the specific social –cultural context of the country Iran.
Conclusion: The findings of the study provide positive and negative experiences affecting on the elderly and effective strategies to improve it according to the socio-cultural conditions of society. Therefore, it is necessary for the individual, family members and society to be considered as a social capital by changing attitudes and providing appropriate facilities while meeting the emotional-psychological, social and economic needs of the elderly, their right to independence and empowerment.